Palmitoleic Acid could become a household word in the near future. Why you ask? Please let me explain.
In a small study at Ohio State, 16 adults, all of whom had metabolic syndrome, were fed the exact same diets, which changed every 3 weeks for a total of 18 weeks. The diet started with 47 grams of carbs and 84 grams of saturated fat each day and ended with 346 grams of carbs and 32 grams of saturated fat.
The diets included a consistent 130 grams of protein and added up to 2500 calories per day.
346 carbs is significant as this is what a typical American eats per day.
Average weight loss during the study was 22 pounds…not too shabby!
Where does Palmitoleic acid (PA) come in? Interestingly, as the participants were transitioned from a high saturated fat to a high carbo diet, the PA increased.
Increased PA levels in the blood have been linked to obesity and put people at a higher risk for inflammation and if you have been hanging around with me long enough, you know that I think inflammation is one of the biggest things we should be aware of.
High PA levels are also linked to diabetes, heart disease and prostate cancer, amongst other things.
Jeff Volek, a professor at Ohio State, states, “People believe ‘you are what you eat,’ but in reality, you are what you save from what you eat. The point is you don’t necessarily save the saturated fat that you eat. And the primary regulator of what you save in terms of fat is the carbohydrate in your diet. Since more than half of Americans show some signs of carb intolerance, it makes more sense to focus on carb restriction than fat restriction.”
While this study is small, it certainly puts out some food for thought (see what I did there!!!) about the relationship between carbs and weight gain.